Addis Ababa, September 15/2020(ENA) The Nice Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD) will definitely be a giant assist not solely to Ethiopia but additionally to Egypt and Sudan if the international locations are keen to succeed in an settlement based mostly on mutual advantages, UNESCO Worldwide Water Cooperation Chair Professor Ashok Swain mentioned.
Lack of belief between the three international locations is hampering the possibility to succeed in an settlement over the GERD as Egypt and Sudan are expressing concern that the dam will restrict the circulate of water to downstream international locations, affecting the quantity of water they obtain from the Nile, Professor Swain informed France24 on Monday.
Nevertheless, the professor pressured the necessity to perceive the character of hydropower dam that has nothing to do with the quantity of water within the river because it doesn’t eat water for its functioning.
“There is this idea of Egypt and Sudan fearing that Ethiopia controlling this amount of water in the upstream will have repercussions in the downstream. But we must also know that this dam is a hydropower dam. This is not an irrigation dam or any multipurpose dam. So, because it is a hydropower dam the water will be in the river. It will not be going anywhere.”
Upon completion, GERD would play a paramount position within the growth of Ethiopia, Swain mentioned, including that the dam has additionally a substantial amount of advantages to Egypt and Sudan.
The period of filling the dam together with throughout extended dry season, dispute settlement mechanisms that should be put in place, and different points are nonetheless below dialogue between the three international locations, he elaborated.
Nevertheless, he added that the downstream international locations will solely have the ability to profit if they’re keen to succeed in an settlement based mostly on mutual advantages on the best way to use or function the dam.
“If there is this kind of readiness, this dam will certainly be a big help to all the countries,” the professor reiterated.
The chair additional acknowledged that the basis trigger of the present drawback within the tripartite negotiations lies within the 1959 treaty signed between Egypt and Sudan that allocates water to the 2 international locations, excluding Ethiopia and different international locations throughout the basin.