Press Release: On the statement issued on the GERD and the Ethio-Sudan Border Dispute by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of the Sudan


The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia was forced to issue this press release in response to the Republic of Sudan’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs’ unwarranted, insulting, and increasingly bellicose propaganda campaign against Ethiopia. Taking into account the ancient and fraternal ties between the brotherly peoples of Ethiopia and Sudan, Ethiopia has long refrained from responding to the various false reports emerging in the news, comments by Sudanese organizations, and remarks by government officials. However, in order to clear the waters, Ethiopia’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs would like to state the following.

In a press release released on May 1, 2021, the Sudanese Ministry of Foreign Affairs tried to confuse the Sudanese citizens and the international community on matters relating to the Ethiopia-Sudan border and the trilateral talks on the Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam (GERD). Ethiopia, as a long-standing independent and sovereign republic, has a well-earned reputation for adhering to foreign treaties and obligations.
The Sudanese Foreign Ministry’s baseless declaration is only intended to cover up the Sudan’s ongoing violence since November 6, 2020, in violation of international standards, bilateral agreements, and existing joins.

Ethiopia is convinced that the Sudanese government’s recent policies and vitriolic media campaigns against Ethiopia do not represent the desires and ambitions of the Sudan’s peace-loving citizens. Ethiopia has repeatedly urged the Sudanese government to halt its violence and settle the border dispute in compliance with bilateral arrangements and mutual boundary structures in order to complete the re-demarcation process.
The reference to Ethiopia’s Benishangul Gumuz Region in the Sudanese declaration is completely absurd. It is well known that Ethiopia’s historic western territory may have been spread beyond what is now Ethiopia’s bountiful lands.The Sudanese government’s decision to conflate boundary arrangements with unequal, exclusive, and colonial-based bilateral “agreements” on the use of the Nile’s waters is regrettable. In terms of Ethiopia, it has consistently stated its opposition to colonial-based agreements whose main purpose was and continues to be to restrict the freedom of upper riparian nations, including Ethiopia, to use the Nile’s waters.

As a result, Ethiopia categorically condemns any and all efforts by downstream countries to maintain a self-appropriated water quota. Downstream countries’ emphasis on monopolizing the Nile’s waters and the politicization of scientific matters.Ethiopia calls for a negotiated settlement of the Sudanese border problems based on current joint boundary mechanisms, as well as the completion of trilateral GERD talks in line with the 2015 Declaration of Principles (DoP). In reality, it is unclear to what advantage the new Sudanese authorities have abruptly changed their mind, despite the fact that they have consistently stated that the GERD has tremendous benefits for the Sudan.

Ethiopia places a high emphasis on the two countries’ historical and brotherly relations, and remains committed to resolving all relevant problems through consultation and negotiations. It once again urges the Sudanese government to abandon a counterproductive campaign and return to negotiation and peaceful settlement. In this regard, Ethiopia looks forward to the international community’s support in helping Sudan to find a negotiated solution to the conflict.